Category Archives: Choosing a Major

International Student Success

This week in Washington, an extraordinary group of embassy officials and university representatives gathered at the University of California Center to discuss many issues around international education.  The Washington International Education Conference, sponsored by the Washington International Education Council (headed by Bill Fish), gathers each year to exchange ideas and to expose university officials to the diplomatic community.

I will be writing several blogs about this experience and the issues raised there.  Here, I’d like to touch on some ideas I shared in my own address to the conference.  (Bader Address to WIEC January 2013).  I shared with participants my observation that universities tend to focus on non-academic issues when supporting their international students.  These include securing a visa, getting to campus, and becoming culturally acclimated.  While these services are critical, they do not directly support academic success.  Indeed, internationals face a series of challenges:

They are focused on outcomes, not process.  Many traditional education systems, such as those in China and India, require students to excel at standardized tests.  So international students tend to be focused on final exams, rather than class participation and interim assignments.  This misunderstanding can lead to failure.

They are very dependent on their families.  This is understandable, so far from home, but their families can misunderstand the American college environment.  They may insist a student major in Biology, for example, to prepare for medical school, when other avenues are open.  If their student has little interest in Biology, that can cause problems.

They don’t understand a liberal education.  Internationals often focus on accomplishment and credentialing–which is understandable.  But they fail to realize or even appreciate the many learning opportunities of a liberal, exploratory education.

They think careers and majors are the same thing.  Majors are a teaching tool in American colleges, not a road to expertise.  They poorly predict professional choices.  And yet internationals insist that some majors are more worthwhile, even when lesser known programs (say, History) might be a better fit and result in more success.

They rely on memory.  Many internationals believe that absorbing and the regurgitating information is their primary intellectual goal.  Yet American professors are expecting higher levels of thinking, where problems are solved and connections are made–even in the sciences.

They are vulnerable to failure.  We are so impressed by our international visitors that we often overlook their human frailties.  Determined as they are, they are no immune to personal difficulties and failings.  We must treat them as the sons and daughters of our neighbors, caring for them as we would our own children.

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Filed under Academic Exploration, Academic Success, Cause of Academic Failure, Choosing a Major, International Exchange

Dean’s List Podcast #10: Getting a Liberal Education

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Filed under Academic Advising, Academic Exploration, Academic Success, Choosing a Major, Curriculum

Dean’s List Podcast #7: College Majors and Careers

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Filed under Academic Exploration, Choosing a Major, Majors and Careers

Dean’s List Podcast #4: 5 Myths about the Pre-Med Experience

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Filed under Academic Exploration, Academic Success, Choosing a Major, Majors and Careers, Pre-Medical Students, Study Abroad

Keys not the Keychain

I am excited that “Dean’s List: 11 Habits of Highly Successful College Students” is coming out in July.  (See Amazon or Barnes and Noble to pre-order.)  You might think of that list as a key chain, filled with a lot of keys to success.  I don’t mean to suggest that they are the only keys to a meaningful college experience.  They are not.  But a list of eleven is pretty long, just as a keychain with eleven keys will have you wondering which key will open the door in front of you.

So let’s limit the number of keys, focusing on just three of them:

  • Habit #2:  Build an Adult Relationship with Your Parents.  Let’s start with the trickiest one.  Changing the most important relationship you have is necessary, inevitable—and challenging.  I hope you enjoy supportive parent/s, but that support can get pretty interfering.  Maybe you’re feeling that now, as they pressure you on your choice of college, and then your choice of what to study there.  Those feelings of resentment are both important and helpful.  They set the table for a process of separation, where you make more decisions on your own.  The key here is to make those decisions about your intellectual freedom, such as the classes you take.  Just try to avoid doing things just to poke them in the eye, from drinking too much to getting in trouble.
  •  Habit #5:  Understand That Majors and Careers are Not the Same Thing.  If you’re going to make independent decisions, it’s a good idea to make them thoughtfully and based on solid information.  So this Habit is based on the fact that liberal arts majors are terrible predictors of careers.  For example, History majors (like me) go on to hundreds if not thousands of different careers.  If this is the case (and it is), then it doesn’t really matter very much what you major in, provided you love it.  This point is critical.  Loving your studies is central to success.  So look for a major that is fun, interesting and fulfilling.  And let the future take care of itself.
  •  Habit #10:  Cope with Failure by Rebuilding and Forgiving.  Lots of students struggle in college, sometimes with one subject, sometimes with everything.  And failure is ugly, unwanted and even embarrassing.  I’d ask that you embrace your failures as learning experiences, episodes that will strengthen your character and teach you life’s most important lesson: forgiveness.  You’re more likely to learn that lesson if you have a softer landing, and that will happen if you get help.  That can come from others—counselors, advisors, tutors—or it can come from you.  Allow yourself the room for mistakes, for exploring, for experimentation.  It won’t all be pretty, but it will make you wise.

Give some thought to these keys or habits, and consider learning more of them by reading “Dean’s List.”  Also feel free to write your responses to these ideas here.  I would love to hear from you.  Advising is a conversation, so I look forward to having one with you soon.

Managing a successful transition to college, and enjoying a great time there, is itself a challenge—beyond the challenge of your classes.  Having a big key chain of ideas is not enough.  You have to figure out how to use them, when, and to unlock which door.  Lots of people can help, from your mentors in high school to your new professors in college.  And when you’re at a door, trying one key after another, remember that you will find the right key if you take your time and keep trying.

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Filed under Academic Success, Choosing a Major, Majors and Careers, Student-Parent Relations